Location: Sundays 11 am - 1 pm | Onsite at Samye NY

Address: 412 Glimmerglen Road, Cooperstown, NY, USA

Contact: [email protected]

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The Four Foundations: A Study in Ngöndro Practice

With Michael Friedman

January 28 - May 5, 2024

We invite you to this weekly community class held on campus each Sunday from 11 am – 1 pm This course is made available on a donation basis.

While one might think of the preliminary practices of the Buddhist path — ngondro in Tibetan — as something we must accomplish to progress to the “next level,” the teachings they embody are in fact the very essence of this path, and thus are better termed “foundational.” From the “common outer preliminaries” of the four mind turnings to the “inner preliminaries” of taking refuge, cultivating bodhicitta, confessing, offering mandala, and engaging in guru yoga, the foundational practices as presented in this class are for all who are interested in, or even curious about, embarking upon this path either now or in future.

Based on a presentation found in The Words of My Perfect Teacher by the renowned 18th century master Patrul Rinpoche, this weekly meeting offers practical and personalized guidance for these transformative practices.


Michael Friedman
Michael Friedman has spent 50 years in an intensive study of philosophy in general and the nature of mind in particular. He completed the traditional three-year retreat in 1989 in Dordogne, France under the guidance of H.H. Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche and Taklung Tsetrul Tulku Pema Wangyal, and at present teaches weekly at Samye Hermitage New York.
Learn more about Michael Friedman